Conference Proceedings and Presentations

2016

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2016). Conflict, management, and sanctions among recreationists swimming with manta rays. Paper presented at the World Leisure Congress. June 27-30, Durban, South Africa.

2015

Johnston, J. R., Needham, M. D., Cramer, L. A., & Perry, E. E. (2015). Trust thy neighbor? Perspectives on the management of Oregon’s marine areas. Paper presented at the Eighth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT). November 10-13, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2015). Swimming with manta rays in Hawaii: Interpersonal and social values conflicts, sanctions, and management. Paper presented at the Eighth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT). November 10-13, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii.

Littlejohn, K. L., Needham, M. D., Szuster, B. W., & Jordan, E. J. (2015). Pre-trip expectations and post-trip satisfaction with interpretation information on marine tours in Hawaii. Paper presented at the Eighth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT). November 10-13, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii.

Szuster, B., Needham, M., Mora, C., Anders, E., Lesar, L., & Philips, L. (2015). Perceived crowding and support for management action at a manta ray viewing site in Hawaii. Poster presented at the Eighth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT). November 10-13, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D., Howe, G. T., & Petit, J. D. (2015). Forest health biotechnologies: What are the drivers of public acceptance? Paper presented at the Forest Health Initiative and US Endowment for Forestry and Communities Annual Meeting. July 21, Washington, DC.

Johnston, J., Needham, M., & Cramer, L. (2015). A matter of trust: Public perceptions of Oregon’s marine reserves. Poster presented at Western Forestry Graduate Research Symposium. April 27-28, Corvallis, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2015). Interpersonal and social values conflict among recreationists swimming with manta rays in Hawaii. Paper presented at the National Outdoor Recreation Conference. April 12-16, Annapolis, Maryland.

2014

Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., & Miller, C. A. (2014). Perceptions of similarity, trust, and risk in natural resources. Paper presented at Pathways to Success: Integrating Human Dimensions into Fish and Wildlife Management: Common Futures. October 5-9, Estes Park, Colorado.

Needham, M. D., Howe, G. T., & Petit, J. D. (2014). Forest health biotechnologies: What are the drivers of public acceptance? Paper presented at the Forest Health Initiative and US Endowment for Forestry and Communities Annual Meeting. July 31-August 1, Syracuse, New York.

Perry, E. E., Needham, M. D., & Cramer, L. A. (2014). Small ripples or large waves? Resident cognitions about new marine reserves in Oregon. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). April 6-8, Cooperstown, New York.

Needham, M. D., Szuster, B. W., Mora, C., Anders, E., & Lesar, L. (2014). Interpersonal and social values conflict among tourists swimming with manta rays in Hawaii. Paper presented at the International Conference on Contemporary Research in Tourism and Hospitality (CRTH). February 17-22, Pondicherry, India.

2013

Needham, M. D., Cramer, L. A., & Perry, E. E. (2013). New marine reserves in Oregon: Does the public care? Paper presented at Oregon State University Water Resources Seminar Series. November 13, Corvallis, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., Cramer, L. A., & Perry, E. E. (2013). Marine reserves in Oregon: What does the public think? Paper presented at Hatfield Marine Science Center Research Seminar Series. November 6, Newport, Oregon.

Vaske, J. J., & Needham, M. D. (2013). Human dimensions of wildlife 1996 – 2013. Paper presented at Nineteenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 4-8, Estes Park, Colorado.

Mouw, W. J., Needham, M. D., & Bergerson, T. (2013). What will they do? Visitor sanctions in response to crowding at coastal parks in Oregon. Paper presented at Western Forestry Graduate Research Symposium. April 22-23, Corvallis, Oregon.

Perry, E. E., Needham, M. D., & Cramer, L. A. (2013). Perceptions of protection: Oregon coastal residents’ awareness and understanding of state marine reserves. Paper presented at Western Forestry Graduate Research Symposium. April 22-23, Corvallis, Oregon.

Petit, J. D., Needham, M. D., & Shelby, B. (2013). Encounters, crowding, conflict, and displacement on the Sandy River, Oregon. Poster presented at Western Forestry Graduate Research Symposium. April 22-23, Corvallis, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2013). Chaos on the coast: Resident attitudes about protected area management at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii. Paper presented at George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. March 11-15, Denver, Colorado.

Mouw, W. J., Needham, M. D., & Bergerson, T. (2013). What will they do? Visitor sanctions in response to crowding at coastal parks in Oregon. Paper presented at George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. March 11-15, Denver, Colorado.

Perry, E. E., Needham, M. D., & Cramer, L. A. (2013). Perceptions of protection: Coastal residents’ awareness and understanding of new marine reserves in Oregon. Paper presented at George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. March 11-15, Denver, Colorado.

2012

Perry, E. E., Needham, M. D., & Cramer, L. A. (2012). Protection, perception, and the public: Coastal residents and proposed marine reserves in Oregon. Poster presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 21, Corvallis, Oregon.

Kuchy, A. L., & Needham, M. D. (2012). Impacts of corruption on rhinoceros poaching in South Africa. Poster presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 21, Corvallis, Oregon.

Mann, J., Jackson, C., & Needham, M. (2012). Forestry education at OSU College Forests. Paper presented at the Oregon Forest Resources Institute (OFRI) Board of Directors Meeting. April 13, Portland, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., & Morzillo, A. T. (2012). Landowner tolerances and incentives for managing beaver impacts in Oregon. Paper presented at the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Regional Managers Team (RMT) Meeting. March 7, Salem, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., & Morzillo, A. T. (2012). Landowner tolerances and incentives for managing beaver impacts in Oregon. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Oregon Chapter of the American Fisheries Society. March 2, Eugene, Oregon.

2011

Prendergast, L., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Integration of aquarium education programs within marine ecotourism. Poster presented at International Ecotourism Society Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference (ESTC). Sept 19-21. Hilton Head, South Carolina.

Ceurvorst, R. L., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Value orientations and normative evaluations of individuals visiting coral reef areas in Hawai`i. Paper presented at Seventeenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 4-8, Madison, Wisconsin.

Rosenberger, R. S., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Comparison of day users, overnight users, and survey approaches at Champoeg State Heritage Area. Paper presented at Oregon Parks and Recreation Commission Meeting. May 24, Newberg, Oregon.

Ceurvorst, R. L., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Is “acceptable” really acceptable? Comparing two scales for measuring normative evaluations. Poster presented at International Symposium of the National Association of Recreation Resource Planners (NARRP). May 23-26, Breckenridge, Colorado.

Pomeranz, E. F., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Stakeholder perceptions of wilderness areas and voluntary best management practices in Tracy Arm-Fords Terror Wilderness, Alaska. Paper presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 19, Corvallis, Oregon.

Mouw, W. J., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Evaluating the encounter – norm – crowding relationship at Oregon’s coastal state parks. Poster presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 19, Corvallis, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., & Morzillo, A. (2011). Landowner incentives and tolerances for managing beaver impacts in Oregon. Paper presented at Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Beaver Working Group Meeting. May 12, Salem, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., & Vaske, J. J. (2011). Activity substitutability and degree of specialization among deer and elk hunters in eight states. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). April 10-12, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Pomeranz, E. F., Needham, M. D., & Kruger, L. E. (2011). Stakeholder perceptions of wilderness areas and voluntary best management practices in Tracy Arm-Fords Terror Wilderness, Alaska. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). April 10-12, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Kaufman, C. R., Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2011). Pre-trip expectations and post-trip satisfaction with educational information on marine tours. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). April 10-12, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

DeChenne, S. E., Enochs, L. G., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Perceptions of teaching training and department climate among US and international STEM graduate teaching assistants. Paper presented at National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST). April 3-6, Orlando, Florida.

Falk, J. H., & Needham, M. D. (2011). Factors contributing to adult STEM knowledge. Paper presented at National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST). April 3-6, Orlando, Florida.

Needham, M. D. (2011). The human dimension: Using scenario research to inform marine and wildlife management. Paper presented at University of Victoria Department of Geography Colloquium Series. March 18, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Needham, M. D. (2011). Living the life aquatic: Human dimensions research in marine environments. Paper presented at University of Victoria Marine Protected Areas Research Group (MPARG) Seminar Series. March 18, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Needham, M. D. (2011). The human dimension: Using scenario research to inform marine and wildlife management. Paper presented at Thompson Rivers University Environmental Sciences Seminar Series. March 17, Kamloops, BC, Canada.

Needham, M. D. (2011). Skier and snowboarder motivations and knowledge related to voluntary environmental programs at an alpine ski area. Paper presented at Thompson Rivers University School of Tourism Seminar Series. March 16, Kamloops, BC, Canada.

Kruger, L., Needham, M., & Pomeranz, E. (2011). Tourism best management practices (TBMP): Design and acceptance by operators. Paper presented at George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. March 14-18, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Needham, M. D., & Rosenberger, R. (2011). Comparison of day users, overnight users, and survey approaches at Champoeg State Heritage Area. Paper presented at Oregon Parks and Recreation Department Planning Meeting. March 12, Salem, Oregon.

Rosenberger, R., Needham, M., & Moehrke, C. (2011). Predictive ability of attitudes in willingness to pay recreation fees. Paper presented at W2133 Western Regional Research Group Annual Meeting. February 23-25, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Szuster, B. W., & Needham, M. (2011). Encounters, norms, and crowding in marine recreation: Applications at Molokini MLCD. Paper presented at University of Hawaii Sea Grant Hanauma Bay Education Program. February 17, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D. (2011). Living the life aquatic: Human dimensions research in marine environments. Paper presented at Hatfield Marine Science Center Research Seminar Series. January 20, Newport, Oregon.

2010

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2010). Community perceptions of activities, impacts, and management at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii. Paper presented at Hawaii Recreational Impacts to Reefs Local Action Strategy Steering Committee Meeting. June 23, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Szuster, B. W., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Marine recreation at Molokini Shoal MLCD. Paper presented at Hawaii Recreational Impacts to Reefs Local Action Strategy Steering Committee Meeting. June 23, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2010). Community perceptions of activities, impacts, and management at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii. Paper presented at Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources Meeting. June 22, Kona, Hawaii.

Ceurvorst, R. L., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Extending the encounter – norm – crowding generalization to facility carrying capacity indicators for coastal recreation in Hawaii. Paper presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 21, Corvallis, Oregon.

Bell, C. M., Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2010). Does size matter? Dimensionality of encounter norms at Molokini, Hawaii. Paper presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 21, Corvallis, Oregon.

Little, C., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Skier and snowboarder knowledge and motivations related to voluntary environmental programs at an alpine ski area. Paper presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 21, Corvallis, Oregon.

Pomeranz, E., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Wilderness best management practices at Tracy Arm – Terror Fords Wilderness, Alaska. Poster presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 21, Corvallis, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2010). Situational influences on acceptance of coastal recreation management strategies in Hawaii. Paper presented at International Symposium of the National Association of Recreation Resource Planners (NARRP) and River Management Society (RMS). May 18-20, Portland, Oregon.

Bell, C. M., Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2010). Does size or number of boats matter? Dimensionality of encounter norms at Molokini, Hawaii. Poster presented at International Symposium of the National Association of Recreation Resource Planners (NARRP) and River Management Society (RMS). May 18-20, Portland, Oregon.

Ceurvorst, R. L., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Facility carrying capacity indicators for coastal recreation in Hawaii: Extending the encounter – norm – crowding generalization. Poster presented at International Symposium of the National Association of Recreation Resource Planners (NARRP) and River Management Society (RMS). May 18-20, Portland, Oregon.

Kruger, L. E., Zegre, S. J., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Applying the norm activation model to examine effects of commercial outdoor recreation and tourism in Juneau, Alaska. Poster presented at International Symposium of the National Association of Recreation Resource Planners (NARRP) and River Management Society (RMS). May 18-20, Portland, Oregon.

Grimm, K. E., Needham, M. D., Campbell, L. M., Moore, M. P., & Tilt, B. (2010). A methodology for analyzing discursive political ecology: Applying ideographs from rhetorical criticism. Paper presented at Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting. April 14-18, Washington, D.C.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2010). Validity of a self-classification measure of recreation specialization among snorkelers and scuba divers. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). April 11-13, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Bell, C. M., Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2010). Does size or number of boats matter? Dimensionality of encounter norms at Molokini, Hawaii. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). April 11-13, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Ceurvorst, R. L., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Extending the encounter – norm – crowding generalization to facility carrying capacity indicators for coastal recreation in Hawaii. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). April 11-13, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Falk, J. H., & Needham, M. D. (2010). Measuring the impact of a science center on its community. Paper presented at National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST). March 20-24, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

2009

Needham, M. D., & Vaske, J. J. (2009). Risk sensitivity and hunter perceptions of chronic wasting disease and other hunting risks. Paper presented at Third International Chronic Wasting Disease Symposium. July 22-24, Park City, Utah.

Vaske, J. J., Shelby, L. B., Needham, M. D. (2009). Human dimensions of chronic wasting disease: A synthesis and proposal for future wildlife disease research. Paper presented at Third International Chronic Wasting Disease Symposium. July 22-24, Park City, Utah.

Lyon, K. M., Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., & Petchenik, J. (2009). Perceived threats to the future of deer hunting in Colorado and Wisconsin. Paper presented at Third International Chronic Wasting Disease Symposium. July 22-24, Park City, Utah.

Kruger, L. E., Janson, S. E., & Needham, M. D. (2009). Applying the norm activation model to examine effects of commercial outdoor recreation and tourism in Juneau, Alaska. Poster presented at Fifteenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). July 5-8, Vienna, Austria.

Needham, M. D. (2009). Value orientations toward coral reefs in recreation and tourism settings: A conceptual and measurement approach. Paper presented at Sixth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT). June 23-26, Port Elizabeth, Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2009). A conjoint analysis of situational influences on acceptance of coastal recreation management strategies in Hawaii. Paper presented at Sixth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT). June 23-26, Port Elizabeth, Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa.

Szuster, B. W., McClure, B. P., & Needham, M. D. (2009). Dimensionality of scuba diver perceptions of crowding. Paper presented at Sixth International Congress on Coastal and Marine Tourism (CMT). June 23-26, Port Elizabeth, Nelson Mandela Bay, South Africa.

Little, C. M., & Needham, M. (2009). Winter recreationists' perceptions of environmental programs at an alpine ski area. Poster presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 22, Corvallis, Oregon.

Bell, C. M., & Needham, M. (2009). Resident attitudes toward restricting commercial tourism in Kealakeakua Bay,  Hawaii. Poster presented at Forest Ecosystems and Society Graduate Student Symposium. May 22, Corvallis, Oregon.

Needham, M. D. (2009). What are we all about? Recreation resource management at Oregon State University. Presentation at Oregon Parks and Recreation Department – Oregon State University Cooperative Meeting. May 15, Independence, Oregon.

Needham, M. D. (2009). Value orientations and situational influences of acceptable recreation management strategies at beaches and reefs in Hawaii. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). March 28-30, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Janson, S. E., Needham, M. D., Kruger, L. E., & Rosenberger, R. S. (2009). McDonaldization and commercial outdoor recreation and tourism: Trends and changes in the Juneau, Alaska area. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). March 28-30, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Kruger, L. E., Janson, S. E., & Needham, M. D. (2009). Applying the norm activation model to examine effects of commercial outdoor recreation and tourism in Juneau, Alaska. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). March 28-30, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Vaske, J. J., Beaman, J., Shelby, L. B., & Needham, M. D. (2009). The potential for conflict index: An extension and further validation for measuring consensus. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). March 28-30, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Needham, M. D. (2009). Landowner incentives and tolerances for beaver impacts in Oregon. Paper presented at Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Beaver Working Group Meeting. February 24, Salem, Oregon.

Needham, M. D. (2009). Hunter responses to chronic wasting disease: A review of recent human dimensions research. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Oregon Chapter of the Wildlife Society. February 12, Gleneden Beach, Oregon.

Needham, M. D. (2009). Sand, sea, sun, and snorkelers: Social indicators of coastal recreation in Hawaii. Paper presented at University of Hawaii Department of Geography Seminar Series. February 2, Honolulu, Hawaii.

2008

Vaske, J. J., Shelby, L. B., & Needham, M. D. (2008). Preparing for the next disease: The human-wildlife connection. Paper presented at Pathways to Success: Integrating Human Dimensions into Fish and Wildlife Management. September 28 - October 2, Estes Park, Colorado.

Lyon, K. M., Vaske, J. J., & Needham, M. D. (2008). Determinants of hunter behavior in response to chronic wasting disease in four states. Paper presented at Pathways to Success: Integrating Human Dimensions into Fish and Wildlife Management. September 28 - October 2, Estes Park, Colorado.

Shelby, L. B., Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., & Tanakanjana, N. (2008). Acceptability of wildlife management actions: Differences by species, severity of interaction, and country of origin. Paper presented at Pathways to Success: Integrating Human Dimensions into Fish and Wildlife Management. September 28 - October 2, Estes Park, Colorado.

Needham, M. D. (2008). Carrying capacity and management of nearshore reefs in Hawaii. Paper presented at Sixteenth Annual Hawaii Conservation Conference (HCC-16). July 29-31, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D., & Ceurvorst, R. L. (2008). Value orientations and acceptance of coastal recreation management in Hawaii: A conjoint analysis. Paper presented at Fourteenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 10-14, Burlington, Vermont.

Ceurvorst, R. L., & Needham, M. D. (2008). Social and facility carrying capacities of coastal recreation areas on Oahu, Hawaii. Paper presented at Fourteenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 10-14, Burlington, Vermont.

Janson, S. E., Needham, M. D., & Kruger, L. E. (2008). Effects of commercial guides and outfitters on outdoor recreation and tourism in Juneau, Alaska. Paper presented at Fourteenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 10-14, Burlington, Vermont.

Lyon, K. M., Vaske, J. J., & Needham, M. D. (2008). Predicting hunting participation in response to chronic wasting disease in four states. Paper presented at Northeastern Recreation Research Symposium (NERR). March 30-April 2, Bolton Landing, Lake George, New York.

Needham, M. D. (2008). Visitor experiences and preferences at two sites in Clatsop State Forest. Paper presented at Oregon Department of Forestry Recreation Coordinators Group Meeting. March 17, Forest Grove, Oregon.

Needham, M. D., Sprouse, L. J., Nielsen, B. E., Grimm, K. E., & Ceurvorst, R. L. (2008). Place attachment and management tradeoffs at a forest campground: A conjoint analysis. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the Western Division of the Canadian Association of Geographers (WDCAG). March 6-8, Bellingham, Washington.

Ceurvorst, R. L., & Needham, M. D. (2008). Social and facility carrying capacities of coastal recreation areas on Oahu, Hawaii. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the Western Division of the Canadian Association of Geographers (WDCAG). March 6-8, Bellingham, Washington.

Needham, M. D. (2008). Carrying capacity and management of nearshore recreation in Hawaii: Preliminary results. Paper presented at Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative (HCRI) First Trimester Meeting. January 10, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D., & Szuster, B. W. (2008). Development of a recreation capacity assessment tool: Applications at Kealakekua Bay and Molokini, Hawaii. Paper presented at Hawaii Recreational Impacts to Reefs Local Action Strategy Steering Committee Meeting. January 9, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D. (2008). Carrying capacity, conflict, and management of coastal recreation at three Oahu sites: Preliminary results. Paper presented at Hawaii Recreational Impacts to Reefs Local Action Strategy Steering Committee Meeting. January 9, Honolulu, Hawaii.

2007

Needham, M. D. (2007). Carrying capacity and management of nearshore recreation in Hawaii: A progress report. Paper presented at Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative (HCRI) Second Trimester Meeting. August 29, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D., & Vaske, J. J. (2007). Human dimensions of chronic wasting disease: A synthesis of recent research. Paper presented at XXVIII International Union of Game Biologists (IUGB) Congress. August 13-18, Uppsala, Sweden.

Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., Shelby, L. B., & Hummer, C. (2007). Sensitivity of the potential for conflict index to response scale width for human-wildlife interactions. Paper presented at XXVIII International Union of Game Biologists (IUGB) Congress. August 13-18, Uppsala, Sweden.

Needham, M. D. (2007). From whales to trails: Research and trends in human dimensions of wildlife, recreation, and tourism in the Pacific Northwest. Paper presented at Oregon State University Foundation President’s Weekend Meeting. June 22-24, Stevenson, Washington.

Hummer, C., Vaske, J. J., & Needham, M. D. (2007). Human-wildlife interactions and the potential for conflict index. Paper and poster presented at Celebrate Research and Creativity Symposium. April 17, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Needham, M. D., & Tynon, J. F. (2007). A multi-stakeholder approach to carrying capacity and management of nearshore recreation in Hawaii. Paper presented at Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative (HCRI) First Trimester Meeting. January 23, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Needham, M. D., & Tynon, J. F. (2007). Carrying capacity, conflict, and management of coastal recreation at three Oahu sites. Paper presented at Hawaii Recreational Impacts to Reefs Local Action Strategy Steering Committee Meeting. January 19, Honolulu, Hawaii.

2006

Needham, M. D., & Vaske, J. J. (2006). Specialization and activity substitutability among deer and elk hunters in eight states. Paper presented at National Recreation and Park Association – Leisure Research Symposium. October 10-14, Seattle, Washington.

Needham, M. D., & Vaske, J. J. (2006). Hunters’ responses to chronic wasting disease: Perceived similarity, social trust, and personal risk. Paper presented at Twelfth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 3-8, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Vaske, J. J., & Needham, M. D. (2006). Hunters’ knowledge, information sources, and beliefs about chronic wasting disease. Paper presented at Great Plains / Rocky Mountain Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Units Network (CESU) Joint Managers Meeting. April 18, Fort Collins, Colorado.

2005

Needham, M. D., Vaske, J. J., Green, K., Petchenik, J., & Timmons, N. R. (2005). Hunters’ knowledge, information sources, and beliefs about chronic wasting disease. Paper presented at Second International Chronic Wasting Disease Symposium. July 12-14, Madison, Wisconsin.

Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., & Manfredo, M. J. (2005). State-specific differences in hunters’ behavior and beliefs related to chronic wasting disease. Paper presented at Second International Chronic Wasting Disease Symposium. July 12-14, Madison, Wisconsin.

Needham, M. D., Vaske, J. J., Donnelly, M. P., & Manfredo, M. J. (2005). Specialization and declining hunting participation in response to chronic wasting disease. Paper presented at Eleventh International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 16-19, Östersund, Sweden.

Needham, M. D. (2005). Encounters, norms, crowding, and norm congruence among summer visitors at ski areas. Paper presented at Eleventh Canadian Congress on Leisure Research (CCLR-11). May 17-20, Nanaimo, British Columbia.

Needham, M. D., Vaske, J. J., Donnelly, M. P., & Manfredo, M. J. (2005). Hunter specialization and declining participation in response to chronic wasting disease. Paper presented at Eleventh Canadian Congress on Leisure Research (CCLR-11). May 17-20, Nanaimo, British Columbia.

Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., & Manfredo, M. J. (2005). Hunters’ behavior and acceptance of management actions related to chronic wasting disease in eight states. Paper presented at Rocky Mountain National Park Wolf Research Workshop. March 18, Estes Park, Colorado.

Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., & Manfredo, M. J. (2005). Hunters’ responses to chronic wasting disease: Regional and state-specific results. Paper presented at Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA) Commissioners Committee Meeting. January 7, Coronado, California.

2004

Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., & Manfredo, M. J. (2004). Hunters’ responses to chronic wasting disease: Preliminary results from regional pre-test. Paper presented at Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA) Commissioners Committee Meeting. July 5, Sun Valley, Idaho.

Vaske, J. J., Needham, M. D., Manfredo, M. J., Newman, P., & Petchenik, J. (2004). Understanding hunters’ responses to chronic wasting disease: The potential for conflict index. Paper presented at Tenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 2-6, Keystone, Colorado.

Needham, M. D., Rollins, R. B., & Vaske, J. J. (2004). Self-reported skill level and normative evaluations among summer recreationists at an alpine ski area. Paper presented at Tenth International Symposium on Society and Resource Management (ISSRM). June 2-6, Keystone, Colorado.

2003

Newman, P., & Needham, M. D. (2003). From national parks to alpine ski areas: Old ideas and new insights in carrying capacity measurement and management. Paper presented at Interactions of Society and the Environment Seminar Series. October 16, Ft. Collins, Colorado.

Needham, M. D., & Rollins, R. B. (2003). The social science component of ecosystem management, as applied to the Garibaldi-Whistler ecosystem. Paper presented at Science and Management of Protected Areas (SAMPAA V) Conference. May 11-16, Victoria, British Columbia.

2002

Needham, M. D., & Rollins, R. B. (2002). Intrasite differences in the crowding norms and specialization of summer visitors on and adjacent to Whistler Mountain, B.C. Paper presented at Tenth Canadian Congress on Leisure Research (CCLR-10). May 22-25, Edmonton, Alberta.

Needham, M. D., Wood, C. J. B., Rollins, R. B., Dearden, P., & West, P. R. (2002). Indicators and standards for summertime use at ski hills: Implementing a multi-stakeholder approach at Whistler Mountain, B.C. Paper presented at Tenth Canadian Congress on Leisure Research (CCLR-10). May 22-25, Edmonton, Alberta.

Needham, M. D., Rollins, R. B., Wood, C. J. B., & Dearden, P. (2002). Social and resource indicators of summertime recreation at ski hills: Do interest groups, managers, and visitors see them the same? Paper presented at Annual Conference of the Western Division of the Canadian Association of Geographers (WDCAG). March 15-17, Vancouver, British Columbia.

2001

Needham, M. D. (2001). Striking a balance: From surviving to excelling as a graduate student and teaching assistant. Paper presented at Gill Sherwin Teaching Excellence Workshop. September 7, Victoria, British Columbia.

Needham, M. D., Wood, C. J. B., & Rollins, R. B. (2001). Mountains of challenge, mountains of opportunity: Summertime alpine recreation and the Limits of Acceptable Change (LAC) on and adjacent to Whistler Mountain, B.C. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the Canadian Association of Geographers (CAG). May 29-June 3, Montreal, Quebec.

Needham, M. D., Rollins, R. B., & Wood, C. J. B. (2001). The ‘other’ season: Preliminary analysis of summertime alpine recreation on and adjacent to Whistler Mountain, B.C. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the Western Division of the Canadian Association of Geographers (WDCAG). March 8-10, Calgary, Alberta.

2000

Needham, M. D. (2000). From hikers to mountain bikers: A study of summertime backcountry recreation at alpine destination resorts. Paper presented at Department of Geography, University of Victoria Colloquium Series. February 17, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.